Достоинства и недостатки различных типов обоев

Достоинства и недостатки различных типов обоев - фото

Обои бывают бумажные - грунтованные и негрунтованные, тисненые и рельефные, частично влагостойкие и невлагостойкие. Они могут быть двухслойными, с нижним, подкладочным слоем, выполненным из бумаги, и лицевым - из каких-либо небумажных материалов. Соответственно, двухслойные обои бывают виниловые, акриловые, велюровые, текстильные, металлические...

Вариантов материала декоративных покрытий очень много, вплоть до светящегося в темноте порошка из африканских трав. Некоторые производители (например, германская фирма Mohr) вообще отказались от использования бумаги и делают обои из прочной ткани.

Тем не менее бумажные обои продолжают оставаться наиболее популярными. И причина этого не только в цене - они обладают такими преимуществами, как бесспорная экологическая чистота и простота наклеивания. Самые дешевые сейчас - гофрированные обои с многоцветным рисунком. Их легко узнать по тисненой поверхности с выступающими шестиугольничками. После приклеивания на стену эти шестиугольники исчезнут - они предназначены для повышения склеиваемости бумаги со стеной и для уменьшения усадки бумаги.

Большей популярностью у нас пользуются двухслойные обои "дуплекс". Их нижний слой изготовлен из толстой гофрированной бумаги, благодаря ему обои скрадывают неровности стен. Особенно успешно эта задача выполняется при использовании рельефных дуплексных обоев, которые имитируют декоративную штукатурку (на них нанесена густотертая краска методом ротационной трафаретной печати).

Главный недостаток бумажных обоев - загрязнения с них нельзя смыть. Поэтому их не следует использовать в прихожих, коридорах и других тесных помещениях - они очень быстро потеряют здесь вид. В продаже имеется большой выбор как импортных, так и относительно недорогих отечественных обоев с влагозащитным покрытием. Значительных загрязнений с них убрать не удастся, небольшие же стираются без труда.

Кардинально же решить проблему мытья стен в узком коридоре, на кухне и даже в ванной можно при помощи виниловых обоев. Их верхний слой из ПВХ обладает высокой прочностью, стойкостью к истираемости и стопроцентной влагостойкостью. Поэтому виниловые обои можно многократно мыть щеткой с мыльным раствором. Кроме того, ПВХ чрезвычайно технологичен, а потому виниловые обои могут производиться не только с матовой, но и с полуглянцевой и глянцевой поверхностью, иметь превосходный дизайн, имитировать шелк, лен, парчу, пробку, штукатурку и другие самые разнообразные материалы.

Но, к сожалению, виниловые обои не идеальны с точки зрения экологической чистоты. Виниловые обои паронепроницаемы: не дают стене под собой "дышать", что нарушает нормальный влагообмен атмосферы комнаты. Поэтому их не рекомендуется использовать в жилых помещениях, особенно спальнях и детских, лучше оклеить ими стены коридоров, ванных, туалетов и прочих мест в квартире, где вы бываете нечасто.

В тех же случаях, когда вам важно иметь возможность часто мыть стены, но хочется сохранить и экологичность жилища, лучше сделать выбор в пользу обоев с акриловым покрытием. Они паропроницаемые, безвредные, неплохо моются (хотя щеткой их лучше не тереть) и по прочности лишь немногим уступают виниловым. Выбор же акриловых обоев весьма разнообразен и стоят они не дороже виниловых.

Достоинства и недостатки различных типов обоев - фото 4
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